Diabetic neuropathy refers to nerve damage that may cause due to diabetes. It is a serious complication that may occur in type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Long-term high blood sugar levels may affect the nerve and lead to damage. Controlling blood sugar may reduce the risk of diabetic neuropathy. Diabetic neuropathy may also occur if diabetes is present with factors like
Symptoms of Diabetic Neuropathy
Common symptoms of diabetic neuropathy may include:
Different types of Diabetic Neuropathy
Neuropathy refers to the dysfunction of the nerves. Nerves can be damaged by long-term disease, chemotherapy, physical injury. There are four types of neuropathy
Peripheral Neuropathy: peripheral neuropathy involves peripheral nerves. Peripheral nerves work as a messenger of the body. It sends messages from the central nervous system to different parts of the body, brain, organs. The symptoms include:
Peripheral neuropathy makes it difficult to wound the heal. This may cause serious infection and in complicated cases, it can lead to amputation.
Autonomic Neuropathy: it damages the nerves that may help other organs to functions. The organs and muscles are controlled by the autonomic nervous system may include:
Symptoms of autonomic neuropathy may include:
Proximal Neuropathy: it is a rare form of diabetic neuropathy. Proximal neuropathy affects the hip, buttock, thigh, and experience severe pain. It is also known as diabetic amyotrophy. The symptoms may include:
Focal Neuropathy: it damages one or more nerves and causes weakness. It occurs in the hand, torso, head, leg and is very painful.
Symptoms of focal neuropathy include:
Causes of Diabetic Neuropathy
Uncontrolled high blood glucose and high levels of fats such as triglycerides in the blood due to diabetes may damage the nerves Low levels of vitamins, especially B12 may cause neuropathy. Medicines like Metformin, which is used to control diabetes may also decrease the level of vitamin B12.
Diagnosis and treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy
Doctors may prescribe certain tests to diagnose diabetic neuropathy, the tests may include:
Diabetic neuropathy has no such treatment. The following steps may help control nerve damage.
Risk Factors and Complications
Risk factors may include:
Complications may include:
Preventions of Diabetic Neuropathy
To prevent diabetic neuropathy, it is significant to control the blood glucose, blood pressure, cholesterol levels. To check the blood glucose and to prevent the damage due to diabetic neuropathy the following steps may help in
Cura Multispeciality Hospital’s Diabetes and Endocrinology Department
Long-term high blood sugar may cause diabetic neuropathy. It damages the nerves and affects the hip, leg, feet, arm. Diabetic neuropathy may involve several symptoms like fatigue, double vision, eye pain. We at Cura manages blood sugar by using insulin, and medications to control the symptoms. Cura offers psychological and medical support to the patients. We also provide spinal cord stimulation as well as rehabilitation.