World Brain Tumour Day 2023

Posted June 8th,2023 by Cura Hospitals

Beware of silent signs of Brain tumors !!!

What is a Brain Tumor?

A brain tumor is distinguished by abnormally high cell growth inside the brain or its immediate surrounds. There are approximately a hundred different types of brain tumors. Some are benign (growing slowly and not infiltrating the surrounding brain), whereas others are malignant (growing quickly and infecting the surrounding brain). Some brain cancers originate primarily within the brain or its coverings or other tissues within the skull, while others spread from another malignancy elsewhere in the body, a condition known as metastatic brain cancer. The size of a brain tumor at the time of presentation varies according to its type and location. Because of their critical position, even little tumors commonly appear at an early stage, producing significant symptoms, and occasionally they are extremely large, presenting minimal to no symptoms.

What are the common types?

  • Gliomas, such as astrocytomas, oligidendrogliomas, and glioblastomas, are common forms of brain tumors.
  • Meningiomas
  • Metastasis
  • Tumors of the pituitary and pineal glands
  • Tumors of germ cells
  • Tumors of the choroid plexus
  • Tumors of the posterior fossa, such as medulloblastomas and ependymomas
  • Acoustic Schwannomas are nerve sheath tumors

How do brain tumors affect lives?

“We are what we are because of our brain,” which regulates our consciousness, movements, emotions, feelings, thoughts, speech, intelligence, conduct, and memory. As a result, a brain tumor can impair all of these activities and have a catastrophic, life-changing physical and psychological impact on a person’s life and their families. Brain tumors may afflict people of various ages, from babies to the elderly.

What are the risk factors?

Neurofibromatosis, Turcot syndrome, Gorlin syndrome, Tuberous Sclerosis, and Li-Fraumeni syndrome are all uncommon inherited genetic disorders that have been related to brain tumors. Only 5-10% of brain tumor patients have a family history of the disease. If many family members are diagnosed with brain tumors, genetic counseling should be obtained before starting a family. Different forms of brain tumors are more common in different races. Meningiomas, for example, are more common in black individuals, but gliomas are more common in white people. Ionizing radiation, mobile phone radiofrequency waves, hazardous chemicals, and other environmental risk factors have all been implicated.

Secondary brain tumors or Metastatic tumors can spread to the brain from cancers of other parts of the body. Breast, Colon, Kidney, Lung and certain skin cancer do frequently spread to the brain.

What are the early signs and symptoms?

The symptoms of a brain tumor depend on size, type and location. Symptoms may be due to pressure effect on the brain or nerves or blockage of fluid known as CSF which flows through and around the brain.

Signs and symptoms

Early morning headaches with nausea, vomiting, or blurred vision that do not react to standard pain relievers may be one of the first signs of a brain tumor. Tension headaches, migraines, and other headache conditions may exhibit similar symptoms. Vomiting and nausea might also be caused by an upset stomach, indigestion, or food poisoning.  

Brain tumors can cause problems with balance, walking, hearing, speech, memory, weakness or numbness/tingling in your limbs, fits or convulsions, and personality changes. These symptoms might also be caused by other health problems such as ear or eye abnormalities, strokes, head damage, aging, spinal problems, and so on. So, if you have any of these symptoms and are unsure, go to a clinic and receive the proper assessment.

It is easy to overlook the early signs of a brain tumor, says Dr. Shylesh, a senior Neuro Surgeon at Cura hospitals. Unfortunately, many patients develop their condition at a late stage, when even the most modern treatment approaches fail to provide the desired results. As a result, we should all be aware of the warning indications of a brain tumor and seek expert guidance as soon as possible.

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