An allergen causes an allergic reaction to the body. Allergic rhinitis is a common allergic condition, almost 10%-30% population worldwide have allergic rhinitis. Seasonal allergic rhinitis occurs during the fall, summer, or spring season. Pollen is carried away in the air during this period. People allergic to pollen may have seasonal allergic rhinitis. Allergens like dried skin flakes, urine, and saliva of the pets, mold, dust mites can also be the reason for allergic rhinitis known as perennial allergic rhinitis.
Symptoms that occur contacting with allergen include:
Having a history of allergy in the family may be caused allergy rhinitis. Eczema and asthma may also develop the risk of allergic rhinitis.
External factors that involve the risks of allergic rhinitis include:
Antihistamines: medicines like antihistamines help in allergic rhinitis. Antihistamines nasal spray treats well during an allergic reaction.
Some well-known OTC antihistamines include:
Corticosteroids: nasal corticosteroids spray is an effective medicine for allergic rhinitis. It is safe to use for adults and children.
Decongestants: it is also helpful in soothing the nasal stuffiness.
OTC decongestants include:
Patients with a history of abnormal heart rhythm, heart disease, stroke, sleep disorder should consult a doctor before using a decongestant.
Immunotherapy: In case of severe allergy, doctors recommend immunotherapy or allergy shots.
Sublingual Immunotherapy: it is using in treating rhinitis and asthma caused by grass, tree pollen, cat dander, ragweed. Side-effects include itching in the mouth, ear and, throat. In some cases, SLIT may cause anaphylaxis.
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health(NCCIH) has suggested treatments that help in treating seasonal allergies include:
To prevent allergies doctors may perform several tests before prescribing medicines.
Complications that may occur due to allergic rhinitis
Allergic rhinitis occurs in children before the age of 10. Symptoms like allergic conjunctivitis develop in children. if there is any sign of wheezing and difficulty breathing, consult a doctor immediately, as the child may develop asthma.
Seasonal allergic rhinitis is not fatal. It can be observed and managed with the help of proper medications.
Cura Multispeciality Hospitals conduct an accurate diagnosis to control allergic conditions including anaphylaxis, allergic rhinitis, food, and skin allergy. Tests like skin prick tests, immunotherapy are done with great care. Our efficient nurses and experienced staffs are always there to look after the well-being of the patients.
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