Radiology is one medical discipline where the use medical imaging is done to diagnose and further treat diseases in the bodies of humans. There are a variety of imaging techniques like X-ray, ultrasound, radiography, computed tomography (CT), nuclear medicine, which includes positron emission tomography (PET), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and fluoroscopy are used in treating and diagnosing diseases. With interventional radiology, physicians perform minimally invasive procedures in medicine with the guidance of above mentioned imaging technologies.
The modern way of practicing radiology involves many different healthcare professionals working as one team. The radiologist is one medical doctor with adequate post-graduate training and can interpret medical images, and communicate these findings to other physicians either verbally or by a report and uses imaging towards performing medical procedures that are minimally invasive. Those who are radiology nurses are involved in patient care and after procedures or imaging, which includes medicine administering, monitoring sedated patients, and monitoring vital signs. The radiographer is also addressed as radiologist technologist receives special training in using positioning techniques and sophisticated technology to produce medical images which the radiologist interprets. Depending on how the individual is trained and the radiographer may have specialization in either of the image modalities role or have expanded in image reporting roles.
Radiographs was originally called roentgenographs, was coined after Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen, the discoverer of X-rays. Radiographs are produced by transmitting X-rays into a patient. The X-rays get projected through the body into a detector where an image gets formed on the basis of which image gets formed on the basis of which X-rays are detected by passing through the machine.
Plain radiography was sole form of imaging modality in the first 50 years of radiology. As it was available, worked in high speed, and at lower costs when compared to other modes, for radiologic diagnosis, radiography is often the first-line test of choice. Also even though there are large scale of data in CT scans, several other digital imaging and MR scans, there are certain diseases where classic diagnosis can be obtained using plain radiographs. Some examples are types of arthritis, pneumonia, benign bone tumours, fractures, skeletal anomalies that are congenital, and some kinds of kidney stones.
The two forms low energy projectional radiography are DXA and Mommography, that is used for osteoporosis and breast cancer detection. There is also angiography and fluoroscopy which special applications through which X-ray imaging happens where an image intensifier tube and fluorescent screen is connected to one television that is close circuit. Computed tomography or CT is also used by radiologists to that helps in cross-sectional images in that is computer generated and called a tomogram. Medical ultrasonography that uses sound waves of high frequency to visualize human bodies’ soft tissue structures is one field of radiology commonly in use. Then there is magnetic resonance imaging or MRI that takes of strong magnetic fields to align the atomic nuclei in the body tissues, and uses radio signal to identify critical and really complex issues inside the body. Then there is nuclear medicine where imaging involves administering into patient of radiopharmaceuticals in case the patient has substances in some of the body tissues to trace those substances with radioactive tracer.
Radiology is one of the most advanced medical practices where extreme care needs to be administered to a patient. In this field, practicing radiologists have to go a rigorous process of learning and studying both the use of advanced technology and AI to understand and detect serious complex illnesses. This field is highly coveted and the radiologist physicians at Cura Multispecialty Hospital come from some of the best medical collages of India and abroad to share the expertise. At Cura no stone is left unturned to help diagnose the root cause of patient’s illness and accordingly right kind of cure. Our radiologists are some of the best in Bangalore city and treat their patients with utmost care.