IVF or Invitro Fertilization is known to be an assisted reproductive technology that helps in conceiving a child and prevents in developing certain genetic problems. During IVF treatment mature eggs are collected from the ovaries of a woman and are fertilised with sperm in the laboratory. The fertilized eggs are called embryos which are later transferred to the uterus. IVF treatment is used for infertility treatment and gestational surrogacy. Taking advantage of IVF technology, millions of women had got pregnant and delivered a healthy child.
IVF treatment is meant for infertility and genetic problems. The doctor usually suggests for IVF treatment when other infertility treatment procedures had failed and the couples want to avoid some genetic problems in their child.
In most cases, the doctors suggest for IVF treatment to women who are aged above 40. Besides, people with certain health conditions and ailments are advised to go for IVF treatment. These health conditions or chronic ailments are as follows:
Fallopian tube damage or blockage: A damaged or blocked fallopian tube does not facilitate the fertilization of an egg. It also does not help an embryo to travel to uterus.
Ovulation disorders: Fewer eggs are available for fertilization in case of infrequent ovulation or absence of ovulation.
Endometriosis: When the uterine tissue implants and grows outside the uterus it is called Endometriosis. It affects the function of the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes.
Uterine fibroids: Fibroids are benign tumours in the wall of the uterus. Women in their 30s and 40s often develop uterine fibroids which impedes the implantation of the fertilized egg.
Previous tubal sterilization or removal: Women who had earlier tubal ligation, a type of sterilization in which the fallopian tubes are cut or blocked to prevent pregnancy permanently and want to conceive later would go for IVF.
Impaired sperm production or function: In case of below-average sperm concentration, weak movement of sperm (poor mobility), or abnormalities in sperm size and shape it becomes difficult for sperm to fertilize an egg. In such cases the doctor advises for IVF treatment.
Unexplained infertility: When no cause of infertility has been found despite evaluation for common causes, the doctor suggests for embracing IVF treatment.
Genetic Disorder: Couples with certain genetic disorders are asked by the doctors to go for IVF treatment, which would protect their child from that genetic disorder. In such case, the eggs which are harvested and fertilized are screened for certain genetic problems. Embryos that don't contain identified problems are transferred to the uterus.
Fertility preservation for cancer or other health conditions: Women who are going to start radiotherapy or chemotherapy as part of cancer treatment are advised for IVF treatment by the doctor.
Before starting the IVF treatment, the doctors counsel the parents what IVF is and convince them of IVF success rates. It is generally safe. But like any other treatment procedure IVF procedure also involves risk. So, it is the responsibility of the doctors to enlighten the patients about its pros and cons. IVF success rate chiefly depends on maternal age, cause of infertility, embryo status, reproductive history, and lifestyle factors.
IVF treatment procedure is long, time consuming and annoying. The patients require immense patience to go through IVF procedure. In most cases, it depends upon the maternal age and the medical issues with the couples. Before starting IVF procedure the couples have to undergo several screenings and tests such as:
Simultaneously, the woman has to undergo Ultrasound tests and blood tests.
IVF cost is higher than any other infertility treatment. IVF cost is categorised as direct and indirect costs. The direct cost includes medical treatments covering doctor consultations, medications, ultrasound scanning, laboratory tests, the actual IVF procedure, and any associated hospital charges and administrative costs. Indirect costs incur the cost of addressing any complications with treatments, patients' travel costs and lost hours of productivity. In India IVF cost is cheaper than the Western countries and it usually varies between Rs. 150,000 and 250,000. This amount is inclusive of al IVF medicines which is 5 times lower than the Western countries. Hence, IVF tourism has developed in India. Of late, people from various offshore destinations are coming to India to avail IVF treatment at a cheaper rate. With improved IVF technology the success rate of IVF treatment or live birth rates have increased propitiously.
In Bangalore, Cura Multispecialty Hospital houses several reputed hospitals and clinics which offer IVF treatments at a low price. Generally, IVF cost in Bangalore varies from Rs. 160, 000 to Rs, 175, 000. The doctors available here for IVF consultation are extremely proficient and experienced. Using the cutting edge IVF technology they are assuring the couples to taste the joy of parenthood.
‘Is IVF painful’ supposed to be the uppermost question of every woman getting ready for the treatment. In the opinion of the IVF specialists, feeling pain is something relative and varies from person to person. But before starting the treatment, if the couples have clear cut knowledge of the IVF procedure, they can prepare themselves for the procedure. The clarity of the procedure will minimize all the fear and doubts among the patients. IVF injections are not very painful. The needle is too thin to give any feeling of pain. Again, during egg retrieval the patient is sedated so she does not feel any pain. After all, overcoming infertility with IVF is worth undergoing all pains and difficulties.
Eating healthy is always advisable to the couples undergoing IVF treatment. Obesity or lower body weight affect IVF procedure badly and reduces its success rate. It is better to take fresh fruits, leafy vegetables, and proteins like fish, egg and chicken. IVF diet must include Lentils, chickpeas, beans, nuts. Your IVF diet must exclude red meat, sugar, refined grains, cheese, alcohol and other highly processed foods and extra salt.