Temporomandibular Joint is like a sliding hinge that connects the lower jaw with the temporal bones of the skull. The joint is located on both sides of the head in front of the ears and helps the jaw open and move up and down and side to side, so you can talk, chew and yawn. Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) syndrome is a disorder in temporomandibular joint which causes pain in the jaw joint and muscles that control jaw movement.
Symptoms of Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome
People between 20-40 years develop Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome mostly. Research shows that women are more prone to develop TMJ syndrome compared to men.
Some symptoms of TMJ syndrome include:
Some people also produce clicking sound and grating sensation at the time of eating or opening mouth.
Causes of Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome
The exact cause of TMJ syndrome is yet unknown. It is believed that it occurs due to some problems with the muscles of the jaw or with the parts of the joint itself. Injury to the jaw, the joint, or the muscles of head and neck may also develop TMJ syndrome. Painful TMJ syndrome can be caused by:
The risk factors of TMJ syndrome include:
Diagnosis of TMJ syndrome
After listening to your problem, your ENT specialist or a dentist may examine your jaw to see if there is swelling or tenderness. Besides, to get a full view of your jaw your doctor may recommend for an X-Ray, CT scan or MRI. X-Ray provides a full view of your jaw, temporomandibular joint and teeth, MRI shows if the TMJ disc is in the proper position as your jaw moves and a CT scan shows the bony detail of the joint.
Treatment of TMJ syndrome
Certain home remedies can relieve your pain due to TMJ syndrome. These remedies include:
If the home remedies and exercise fail to improve your pain caused by TMJ disorder, you must consult an ENT or a dentist. Depending upon the condition and severity of pain, the doctor may prescribe you certain things such as:
In extreme cases the doctors may recommend for surgery which include:
The globally acclaimed doctors at CURA Multispeciality Hospital provide exclusive treatments for TMJ syndrome. Under their treatment and guidance, many people have got rid of their problems.