Pneumonia is a bacterial infection of the lungs. This highly transmittable infection can range up from mild to severe. In severe cases of pneumonia, the patient may admit to the hospital. The symptoms of pneumonia may include high fever, pus, difficulty breathing. Elderly people, Infants and, people with a weak immune system can be highly affected by pneumonia. Smoking and alcohol may also create risk factors as they cause harm to the lungs.
Symptoms of Pneumonia
The symptoms of pneumonia may vary according to their age and health conditions. The symptoms include:
Types of Pneumonia
Four stages of pneumonia
Causes of Pneumonia
The causes of pneumonia include:
Complications and risk factors
Diagnosis of pneumonia
Doctors may go through several medical examinations while diagnosing pneumonia. While detecting the condition, doctors recommend tests including:
Treatment for pneumonia
Doctors suggest treatment according to the types of pneumonia. In case of bacterial pneumonia, doctors recommend antibiotics to the patient. While in viral pneumonia rest and, medicines are prescribed. In severe symptoms, doctors recommend the patient to admit to the hospital and involve oxygen therapy to the patients. Antifungal medications treat fungal pneumonia.
Prevention of Pneumonia
Doctors involve vaccination to prevent pneumonia. Pneumococcal vaccine PCV13 and Hib vaccine can prevent pneumonia and protect the patient from infection. The regular flu shot protects from flu. Apart from vaccination, there are safety measures that prevent the virus from spreading. Maintain proper hygiene, for example, washing hands with soap and using sanitizer helps in preventing the infection. Using face masks while coughing and sneezing control the infection from spreading.
Cura Multispeciality Hospital’s Pulmonology Department
At Cura multispecialty hospital, the efficient physicians of the Pulmonology department diagnose the patient that deals with respiratory ailments like pneumonia, asthma, chest infection. As soon as the symptoms develop including difficulty breathing, persistent cough, weight loss, visit a Pulmonologist for quick healing.