Interstitial Lung Disease(ILD) is a group of lung conditions that affect the interstitium. It causes inflammation, fluid retention, and fibrosis of the lungs. The conditions involve shortness of breathing, dry cough, chest discomfort, fatigue. ILD causes stiffness in the lungs. The conditions may differ from mild to severe.
Types of Interstitial Lung Disease
The most common type of disorder is idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. There are almost 200 types of Interstitial lung disease that include:
Symptoms of Interstitial Lung Disease
The common symptom that may occur during ILd is shortage of oxygen in the blood. The breathlessness is often followed by dry cough and weight loss. The condition gets worsen over time. Other symptoms may include:
Causes of Interstitial Lung Disease
The cause of interstitial lung disease can be anything. It can be developed through certain medical use, exposure to toxic elements, hazardous environmental conditions may also develop ILD in the patients. This very condition is termed Idiopathic interstitial lung disease. The risk factors may develop into three sections include:
Autoimmune diseases that may develop and affect the lungs include:
Any exposure to the elements that can bother lungs and airways passage may cause ILD, whether it is the pollutants in the workplace or toxic elements. The elements include:
Complications in Interstitial Lung Disease
While diagnosing interstitial lung disease(ILD) doctors may prescribe imaging tests that include:
A lung biopsy can be done include
Treatment of Interstitial Lung Disease
The treatment of interstitial lung disease may depend on the types of ILD
Antibiotics: interstitial pneumonia may cause by fungus is treated by antifungal drugs.
Corticosteroids: In some types of ILD, irritation in the lungs may damage the lungs. Corticosteroids slow the immune system and reduce the irritation in the lungs.
Inhaled Oxygen: interstitial lung disease may reduce the blood level in oxygen. Inhaling oxygen may help this condition. Regularly inhaling protects the heart from damage.
Lung Transplant: lung transplant is done if advanced ILD may cause severe damage in the lungs.
Drugs that are used during interstitial lung disease including:
Cura Multispeciality Hospital’s Pulmonology Department
The pulmonology department deals with respiratory treatment. A person who is suffering from severe respiratory illness like dry cough, shortness of breath, fatigue, weight loss should immediately visit the doctor for a diagnosis. We at Cura hospital have qualified and highly experienced doctors who have committed themselves to the comfort of the patients.